“Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. Cancer is not just one disease, but many diseases. There are more than 100 kinds of cancer. For more information, visit the National Cancer Institute’s What Is Cancer?“
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/index.htm]
“Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) [Crohn’s Disease] is a broad term that describes conditions with chronic or recurring immune response and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. The two most common inflammatory bowel diseases are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Inflammation affects the entire digestive tract in Crohn’s disease and only the large intestine in ulcerative colitis. Both illnesses are characterized by an abnormal response to the body’s immune system.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/ibd/]
“Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic, progressive, and frequently fatal genetic (inherited) disease of the body’s mucus glands. CF primarily affects the respiratory and digestive systems in children and young adults. The sweat glands and the reproductive system are also usually involved. On the average, individuals with CF have a lifespan of approximately 30 years.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/excite/ScienceAmbassador/ambassador_pgm/lessonplans/high_school/Am%20I%20a%20Carrier%20for%20Cystic%20Fibrosis/Cystic_Fibrosis_Fact_Sheet.pdf]
“Hepatitis C is a contagious liver disease that ranges in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness that attacks the liver. It results from infection with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is spread primarily through contact with the blood of an infected person. Hepatitis C can be either “acute” or “chronic.”
Acute Hepatitis C virus infection is a short-term illness that occurs within the first 6 months after someone is exposed to the Hepatitis C virus. For most people, acute infection leads to chronic infection.
Chronic Hepatitis C virus infection is a long-term illness that occurs when the Hepatitis C virus remains in a person’s body. Hepatitis C virus infection can last a lifetime and lead to serious liver problems, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hcv/cfaq.htm#cFAQ11]
“HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It weakens a person’s immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. No effective cure exists for HIV. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. Some groups of people in the United States are more likely to get HIV than others because of many factors, including their sex partners, their risk behaviors, and where they live. This section will give you basic information about HIV, such as how it’s transmitted, how you can prevent it, and how to get tested for HIV.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html]
“Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. The cause of MS is still unknown – scientists believe the disease is triggered by as-yet-unidentified environmental factor in a person who is genetically predisposed to respond.”
The National Multiple Sclerosis Society: Citing Sources: [http://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS]
“Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disease that speeds up the growth cycle of skin cells.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/psoriasis]
“Pulmonary hypertension occurs when the pressure in the blood vessels leading from the heart to the lungs is too high. The heart pumps blood from the right ventricle to the lungs to get oxygen. Because the blood does not have to travel very far, the pressure in this side of the heart and in the artery taking blood from the right ventricle to the lungs is normally low—normally much lower than systolic or diastolic blood pressure. When the pressure in this artery gets too high, the arteries in the lungs can narrow and then the blood does not flow as well as it should resulting in less oxygen in the blood.1″
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/DHDSP/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_pulmonary_hypertension.htm]
“Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes premature death, disability, and lowers the quality of life in the industrialized and developing world.1 RA is a systemic inflammatory disease that manifests itself in multiple joints in the body. This inflammation usually affects the lining of the joints (synovial membrane), but can also affect other organs. This inflamed joint lining leads to erosions of the cartilage and bone and sometimes causes joint deformity. Pain, swelling, and redness are common joint symptoms. RA causes are unknown, but it is believed to result from a faulty immune response. RA can begin at any age and causes fatigue and prolonged stiffness after rest. There is no cure for RA, but effective drugs are increasingly available to treat RA and prevent deformed joints. In addition to medications and surgery, scientifically-proven self-management (techniques that people use to manage their condition on a daily basis and pursue the activities important to them) approaches, such as exercise, can reduce pain and disability.”
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: Citing Sources: [https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/rheumatoid.htm]
Addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences. The initial decision to take drugs is voluntary for most people, but repeated drug use can lead to brain changes that challenge an addicted person’s self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs. These brain changes can be persistent, which is why drug addiction is considered a “relapsing” disease—people in recovery from drug use disorders are at increased risk for returning to drug use even after years of not taking the drug.
National Institute on Drub Abuse: Citing Sources: [https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-use-addiction]
“Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease of the large intestine, also known as the colon, in which the lining of the colon becomes inflamed and develops tiny open sores, or ulcers, that produce pus and mucous. The combination of inflammation and ulceration can cause abdominal discomfort and frequent emptying of the colon.
Ulcerative colitis is the result of an abnormal response by your body’s immune system. Normally, the cells and proteins that make up the immune system protect you from infection. In people with IBD, however, the immune system mistakes food, bacteria, and other materials in the intestine for foreign or invading substances. When this happens, the body sends white blood cells into the lining of the intestines, where they produce chronic inflammation and ulcerations.”
Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America: Citing Sources: [http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-ulcerative-colitis/?referrer=https://www.google.com/]
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